Chittagong-the city of Chittagonian

Chittagong- the city of Chittagonian

Chittagong is the second most populated city in Bangladesh. This city is considered as an administrative division and a district as well. Due to its largest industrial base and special economic zones, Chittagong is often called as the business capital of Bangladesh. With many natural beauties and breathtaking Cox’s Bazar sea beach, Chittagong has many amazing facts.    

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         CHITTAGONG
CountryBangladesh
Population(2020)311600 (metropolis), 6025985(urban)
Ethnic groupChittagonian, Chatigaiya, Sitainga, Chatgaya
Area5282.92 km2(metropolis), 2054.90 km2(urban), 2510 km2(metro)
Postal code4000,4100,42xx
Calling code+880 31
LanguagesChittagonian
DivisionChittagong Division
ReligionsMuslims(86%), Hindu(12%), other(2%)
Establishment1340
Granted city Status1863

1. Chittagong port is an ancient seaport because it is also a natural harbor.

2. Chittagong port was known as “mint town” during the Sultanate of Bengal.

3. Roman geographer Ptolemy mentioned this port in the 1st century. This port was the gateway for the southern part of Bengal for centuries.

4. Portuguese historian Jaoa de Barros this city as “the most famous and wealthy city of the Kingdom of settlement in Bengal”.

5. The first European colonial settlement of Bengal was Portuguese Chittagong.

6. Chittagong Port was once used by Arabs sailors and traders for many years.

7. The name Chittagong came from shatt ghangh. Shatt means delta and ghangh stands for the Ganges.

8. The city is now named as Chattogram in 2018 by Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.

9. Xuanzang, a Chinese traveler recounted this city as “ a sleeping beauty rising from mist and water” in the 7th century.

10. During the rule of Sultan Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah of Sonargaon, this city became one of the wealthiest cities in the Indian subcontinent.

11. Many international personalities like Ibn Battuta and Niccolo de’ Conti visited this wonderful city.

12. Islam faith spread widely in the city upon the arrival of Arabs and Persians during the 13th and 16th centuries.

13. In 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War, the declaration of independence happened in Chittagong.

14. In Bangladesh, Chittagong is the second-largest populated city after Dhaka.

15. This city also hosts the second-largest slum area after Dhaka.

16. Chittagong is known for its greenery hills, sea beaches. The most famous ones are Foy’s Lake and Tigerpass in Mohammad Yusuf Chowdhury road.

17. One of the most popular tourist destinations Cox’s Bazar is also situated in the Chittagong division. It was named after a British East India Company officer Hiram Cox.

18. Bangladesh’s first steam locomotive is kept for the public in the Central Railway Building of Chittagong.

19. Chattogram Tea Auction is responsible to decide the tea price of Bangladesh.

20. Chittagong and its port area are one of the largest industrial hubs of Bangladesh. This city host many small, medium, and large steel mills, and oil companies have a presence here.

21. Chittagong’s Agrabad is the main central business district of the city and this place has many headquarters business houses. Jamuna Oil Company, Bangladesh shipping Corporations, T.K Group of Industries, A.K.Khan & Company are among the few.

22. In 2010 according to a leading U.K based magazine, Chittagong Export Processing Zone was recognized as one of the leading special economic zones or SEZ’s in the world.

23. Chittagong port ranked 3rd as per trade handling in 2011 after Port of Mumbai and Port of Colombo.

24. Chittagong has a large ship breaking industry in Chittagong Ship Breaking Yard in Faujdarhat, Sitakunda Upazila, Bangladesh.

25. Due to the presence of large business houses of the country, Chittagong often called Bangladesh’s business capital.

26. The popular food of the Chittagong is Mezban.

27. Chittagong is considered the “birthplace of Bangladeshi rock music”.

28. Much Portuguese community called Firingis and a small number of Urdu speaking Bihari communities also living in the Bihari Colony of Chittagong.

29. During Mughal rule, the city was named Islamabad and still, it is pronounced in some part of the old city.

30. Chittagong’s Shah Amanat International Airport is the second largest international airport after Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka.

31. The Shah Amanat International Airport was built during British rule in 1940. At the time of the second world war, the airport was used as an airfield of British troops. After independence, it was only used to travel between Dhaka and Chittagong but in the 1990s the airport was connected with many international cities like Bangkok, Dubai.

32. Chittagong Naval Area is the main base of the Bangladesh Navy and most Bangladesh warships are stationed there. Some of the premier military institutes and training centers – Bangladesh Naval Academy, Special Warfare Diving and Salvage, and Bangladesh Military Academy is also situated there.

33. A sports Bali Khela is very popular in Chittagong. People who want to enjoy sports should visit Laldighi Maidan.

34. Chittagong is the house of two major stadiums of football and cricket. The Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium is the main cricket stadium of the city and M.A. Aziz Stadium is famous for hosting major football matches.

35. Jamiatul Falah Mosque is the largest mosque of the city where 5000 worshipers can offer their prayer at a time.  

Famous personalities:

-Ayub Bachchu (musician)

-Nurul Abedin (Former cricketer)

-Sukomal Barua(Educationist)

-Abul Momen (Journalist)

-Mila Islam (Pop singer)

-Abdul Kashem (Politician, Educationist)

-Delwar Jahan Jhantu (Film director, producer, composer, editor, freedom fighter, music director, lyricist)

-Ahmed Sharif (Educationist)

-Bibi Russell (fashion designer)

-Somnath Hore (Sculptor, printmaker)

Popular destinations:

-Cox’s Bazar beach,

-Boga Lake,

-Patenga Beach,

-Karnaphuli River,

-Naval Beach,

-Chittagong Commonwealth War Cemetery,

-Vatiary Lake,

-Ethnological,

-Dulahazra Safari Park,

-Chittagong Zoo,

-Guliakhali Sea Beach

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