There was a worldwide campaign held from 2000 to 2007 to choose seven wonders of the world. Among them, India’s famous Taj Mahal also got selected. Taj Mahal is an ivory-white mausoleum located on the southern bank of river Yamuna in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was built in the memory of fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan’s second wife Mumtaz Mahal. Both Mumtaz and Shah Jahan’s tomb is built in the mausoleum. It took nearly 21 years to build this wonderful architecture. With the help of 20000 architects and their leader, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri started building the structure in 1632 and the initial work was completed in 1943 while some construction continued for the next ten years. The total area of the Taj Mahal is 42 acres where the main tomb is situated in the middle of the complex. Many famous personalities to country heads have visited this masterpiece and still, it is one of the famous tourist spots in India. Known as a sign of love the Taj Mahal has many amazing facts related to its long history.
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|Place||Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Built in memory of||Mumtaz Mahal|
|Main architect||Ustad Ahmad Lahauri|
|Architectural style||Mughal architecture|
|Governing body||Government of India|
|Recognized as UNESCO site||1983|
1. After the full structure in 1653, the total cost calculated was 32 million rupees. At present that amount is equal to 70 billion rupees.
2. The original name of the Mumtaz Mahal was Arjumand Banu Begum. She was born in Agra. She died in a Deccan’s city Burhanpur in 1631,at the time of her 14th child’s delivery. Burhanpur is now under a Indian state Madhya Pradesh.
3. At first the Taj Mahal was supposed to be built in Burhanpur. But it would take long time to transport marbles and other materials there, so the Taj Mahal built in Agra.
4. During construction nearly 1000 elephants were used to transport wooden logs and marbles.
5. Taj Mahal is decorated by 28 different types of precious marbles and stones.
6. Most of the stones were brought from Rajasthan, Punjab, Afghanistan,Sri Lanka,China, Tibet and from different Arabian countries.
7. The dome of the main tomb is a Onion dome or also known as Guava dome.
8. The four minarets are slightly inclined outwards of the main dome. It was constructed on that way so those could not damage the main dome during earth quake.
9. The total height of the minarets are 40 meter.
10. Unlike other famous structures in the world Taj Mahal is also inspired by an ancient architecture. The famous Gur-e Amir mausoleum in Uzbekistan was the main inspiration behind the design of the Taj Mahal.
11. Architectural style of the Taj Mahal is mixed with Parsian, Indian and Mughal style.
12. The are many words and sentences from holy Qu’ran in scripted on the wall and different parts of the mausoleum. These calligraphy from Mughal period are even designed with colorful stones.
13. The is a sentence written by a calligrapher Abdul Haq on the Great Gate, -” O Soul, thou art at rest. Return to the Lord at peace with Him, and He at peace with you”. Shah Jahan was so impressed with this line and thus conferred him as Amanat Khan.
14. There are many replicas of original Taj Mahal built around the world. Even in India Mughal emperor Aurangzeb tried to build another Taj Mahal with better design. He built a replica of Taj Mahal in Aurangabad and named it Bibi ka Maqbara. In Bangladesh there is a copy of original Taj Mahal called Taj Mahal Bangladesh. In a Chinese city Shenzhen, they tried to create a dummy. From U.S.A, Canada, United Emirates, Malaysia to Columbia there are many replicas of Taj Mahal built in different part of the world.
15. As we know that Taj Mahal is a famous tourist spot and anually millions of tourist visit this place. As per 2014 report there were 7 to 8 million visitors came to see Taj Mahal.
16. In 1983 Taj Mahal was recognized as a World Heritage Site.
17. Except Friday every visiters can visit the Taja Mahal from 6 A.M to 7 P.M. On Friday few Muslim community peoples are allowed to offer their prayer to the main mosque in the complex.
18. In naked eyed it may be looked white but the colour of the Taj Mahal changes as per sun light. During sunrise it seems pinkish, in afternoon milky white and at evening the colour changes to golden yellow.
19. To protect the main dome from Japanese Air Force in 1942, the Indian Government erected scaffolding. That was also happened in 1965 and 1971 during India Pakistan war.
20. The Taj Mahal is built on the wooden foundation. Those huge wooden foundations are maintained by the moisture of Yamuna water.
21. The main architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri also laid foundation of the another Mughal architectural master piece the Red Fort of Delhi.
22. It was rumored that after completion of the Taj Mahal,Shah Jahan had given order to amputate the arms and thumbs of the craftsmen and architects so that they will be not able create another Taj Mahal. But this rumour is still under investigation.
23. In general it seems that Qutub Minar is taller than Taj Mahal, but Taj Mahal’s heght is 240 feet and Qutub Minar is 238 feet tall.
24. There was a infamous con man of India, Natwarlal. He tried to sell Taj Mahal multiple time. Not only Taj Mahal, he also falsely sold Red Fort, Rashtrapati Bhavan and even Parliament House of India. He fooled many Indian business tycoons and made crores of rupees.
25. After the death of Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan was compleatly broken. He even started loosing his eye sight and his hairs were gradually turning into white.
26. A French traveller Jean Baptite Taverneir mentioned in his wiritings that Shah Jahan was trying to built a Black Taj Mahal. Jean visited Agra in 1665 and mentioned about Black Taj Mahal. The Black Taj Mahal was planned to be built opposite side of the Yamuna and it would have been the mausoleum of Shah Jahan. But it was not completed because Aurangzeb deported Shah Jahan.
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