20 Interesting facts about Poland

20 Interesting facts about Poland

Poland was one of the few countries in Central Europe that suffered most during the two world wars. It was during Nazi Germany rule when Poland was about to lose its identity. Most of the Jewish community of the country were either gassed or placed in a separate zone called Ghettos. Despite all of these hurdles Poland overcame and rebuilt its identity and successfully placed itself as one of the most developed countries in the world. So let’s check about this most amazing countries some interesting facts.

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Country         Republic of Poland
CapitalWarsaw
Population38383000
Area312396 Km2
HDI0.872 (very high)
CurrencyPolish złoty (PLN)
Official LanguagesPolish
National AnthemMazurek Dąbrowskiego
Religion (largest)Roman Catholic
National BirdWhite Eagle
National FlowerRed Corn Poppy
National SportsFootball
National DishBigos stew
National animalEuropean Bison

1. Polish astronomer and mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus was Polish. He formulated a model that placed the Sun at the center of the Universe rather than Earth.

2. World-famous physicist and chemist Marie Sklodowska Curie was also Polish. She along with her husband Pierre Curie had done pioneering research on radioactivity. For their contribution, they received the Nobel prize 1903 with Henri Becquerel. She was the first woman to win Nobel prize and at that time she was the only lady to receive Nobel prize twice.

3. Poland is the hub of research and development centers in central and Eastern Europe, with over 40 research and development centers besides 45000 researchers.

4. Poland is a major coal exporter to the European nations, which is used in power plants. Poland’s most of the electricity generation sector depends on fossil-fuel. The country is considered as the economic leader in central Europe which hosts 40 percent of the 500 biggest companies in the region.

5. The Polish banking sector is the largest in the Eastern and Central parts of Europe. In Poland, there are 32 bank branches for every 100000 adults.

6. Countries name is originated from the Lechitic tribe Polanie.

7. One of the first legal actions of Europe was enacted in Poland, known as the Constitution of 3 May 1791. It is considered as Europe’s first and the world’s second written national constitution after the United States Constitution.

8. Polish engineer, inventor, businessman Ignacy Łukasiewicz was the first person in the world who had built modern oil refinery (1856), the invention of worlds first kerosene lamp(1853), the introduction of Europe’s first street lamp (1853) and responsible for the worlds first modern oil well in 1854.

9. Old Town of Warsaw that we see now is not the original one. The old town was destroyed during WWII and had to rebuild it. Warsaw is well known for its infamous concentration camp, which was built during Hitler’s time.

10. Area wise Poland the 9th largest country in Europe and 69th in the world.

11. Poland’s Bialowieza Forest is the home 800 European bison. These bison are Europe’s heaviest land animals. According to the UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Program, Bialowieza Forest is a UNESCO world heritage site.

12. Poland is the eighth largest populated in Europe and fifth largest in the European Union.

13. Warsaw Radio Mast was the world’s tallest structure from 1974 until it collapses on 8th August 1991.

14. Worlds largest castle by land area is Malbork Castle. It is located in a Polish town, Malbork, and also a UNESCO World Heritage site.

15. People of Poland celebrate their Easter Monday by a special festival called Smigus-dyngus. Traditionally boys throw water to the girls and gently spank them with pussy willow and girls fight back as well.

16. Krakow is one of the oldest cities in Poland and this city is also the second-largest one in the country. The city is located on the banks of the Vistula River and was the official capital of Poland until 1596. It is grown from a Stone Age settlement and became the second most important city of the country. During the Nazi German occupation, Krakow Ghetto was built. These Ghettos were walled zone where Jewish communities were forced to live in.

17. Wieliczka Salt Mine is the world’s oldest operational salt mine. Salt was excavated since 13th century and the mine produced table salt contentiously until the year of 2007.

18. The education system has been the main focus in Poland since the 12th century. Jagiellonian University of Krakow worlds 19 oldest universities. It was founded by King Casimir III in 1364.

19. Fossilized tree resin Amber is used as a gemstone and decorative objects. In the market of world Amber ornaments, Poland’s share is 70 percent.

20. Poland is a developed country and recognized as a high economy based country with a very high ranked Human Development Index.

Famous personalities :

Artur Ekert (Professor)
Haroun Tazieff(Volcanologist and Geologist)
Pop John Paul II (Head of the Catholic Church)
Nicolas Copernicus(Mathematician and Astronomer)
Roman Polanski(Film Director)
Robert Lewandowski (Footballer)
Aleksander Wolszczan(Astronomer)
Marie Curie(Physicist and Chemist)
Robert Kubica(Formula I driver)
Józef Piłsudski (Polish Statesman)

Popular destinations for Tourists :

Auschwitz-Birkenau 
Historic centre of Krakow 
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Slat Mines 
Masurian Lake District 
Bialowieza Forest 
Tatra Mountains 
Trial of the Eagles’ Nets 
Historic Centre of Warsaw 
Old City of Zamosc 
Castle of the Order in Malbork 
Medieval Town of Torun 
Slowinski Sand Dunes 
Wawel Castle 
Main Square Krakow

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