Machu Picchu is a historical fortified area in Peru. This ancient place is built during the Inca Empire. The primary structures of the area are Temple of Sun, the Intihuatana, and the Room of the Three Windows. It was built during an Inca Emperor Pachcuti in 1450. But after within a century, Inca’s abandoned the estate. Accepted as a World Heritage site in 1981, Machu Picchu was brought into international attention by an American explorer Hiram Bingham 3 in 1911. Often called a Lost City of the Incas” Machu Picchu has many interesting facts.
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1. The name Machu Picchu has created with two words with different meanings – where machu means old and pikchu means pyramid. Thus it some times referred by saying “old mountain”.
2. It was build during two Inca rulers – Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui and Tupac Inca Yupanqui. They are considered among the greatest rulers of the Inca empire.
3. Upon its building, the Machu Picchu was survived only 80 years and due to the Spanish conquest, the royal area was abandoned.
4. It is believed the royal estate was inhabited by 750 members of the Inca royal family members and staff who served the empires.
5. Inca Engineering is some of the most advance ancient engineering. They invented some of the unique farming system called terrace farming. These terrains were made by stones that were efficient to hold rain waters for farming. They were so successful in this process
6. It was roughly divided into two levels- upper town and lower town. There are 200 buildings known as kanchas in the estate.
7. Incas were expert mason. They were masters in building dry polished walls. They used a technique called ashlar. This was a technique in which stone blocks were cut and fitted properly without the use of any morter.
8. Incas were also believed in some ritual practices as well as in astronomy. They built a stone called Intihuatana, which cast the longest shadow on the southern side on June 21, whereas on 21st December the stone casts a much shorter shadow. Two times a year this stone does not cast any shadow.
9. Inti means “sun” and wata means “to tie, hitch(up)”.
10. Royal Feast of the Sun was a very important ritual among Incas. It was celebrated during the Incan month Qhapaq rami. This was celebrated at the time when boys were initiated into manhood and they were ear pierced. This whole celebration was watched by the locals in a special cave called Inti Mach’ay.
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